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A certificate of title issued by the state of Colorado is a document that proves legal ownership of a vehicle. A title must be obtained when an individual purchases a new vehicle. A title transfer must also be completed when a used vehicle is sold or gifted, or when a vehicle changes hands as a result of the death of the vehicle's owner. In Colorado, a title must be transferred within 30 days.
OBTAINING A TITLE FOR A NEW VEHICLE:
For new vehicles, the licensed dealer that sold the vehicle typically will accept and submit the required titling information and fees on behalf of the buyer. However, buyers wishing to handle the titling independently can do so. Those interested in applying for a new title without the dealer's assistance should refer to the Titling and Registering a Vehicle in Colorado and the Title and Registration Frequently Asked Questions documents on the Department of Revenue's Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) website.
TRANSFERRING A TITLE ON A USED VEHICLE:
Sale/Purchase or Gift of a Used Vehicle
When you purchase a used vehicle, or obtain one as a gift, the title must be legally transferred into your name. This is done by obtaining the following documents, and submitting them along with the appropriate fees to a DMV office:
- The current title, with the assignment completed by the seller or donor (signing the title over to you). The title must include the federal odometer disclosure, if the vehicle is less than ten years old.
- If the title does not indicate the date of sale and selling price, a completed Bill of Sale, signed by both current and new owner and notarized, is required.
- Emission test proof, if applicable for your county of residence.
- An Odometer Disclosure Statement, if the title does not include this information and the vehicle is less than ten years old. This form is available in the DMV offices.
- A Colorado driver's license or other Secure and Verifiable ID form
- If applicable, the original or copy of the vehicle's financing statement or security agreement.
- Proof of liability insurance coverage.
- A Verification of VIN application completed by an authorized person, if previously titled outside Colorado.
Along with the appropriate transfer of title documents above, you will need to submit the following here:
- License fees
- Sales tax on purchase price, if applicable.
- Ownership tax based on the vehicle's original value and the model year.
Transfer of Title Following Death of Vehicle Owner
In the event of the death of the vehicle owner, the title is often transferred to the heirs or someone else identified in the owner's will. The procedures and fees for this type of transfer are similar to those outlined above. In addition, it is important to determine how the estate of the deceased has been settled by the heir(s).
In some cases, the heirs may need to provide copies of both the death certificate and the will (or a notarized statement of its contents), if there is one.
For more information on title transfers following the death of a vehicle owner contact the DMV office, or call 1-303 205-5607.
Appropriate title transfer documents and fees should be submitted to the DMV office.
- Contact the local DMV office if you wish to add, remove or change a name on a vehicle title for reason other than those discussed above.
- If there is an existing lien on the vehicle, there will be additional requirements for transferring the title.
- A valid title provides proof of ownership of the vehicle. However, remember that a title transfer does not entitle the new owner(s) to legally operate the vehicle. For this, refer to the appropriate license and registration information.