In New York, a vehicle emissions test is required for many original registrations, as well as for annual registration renewals. The inspection sticker on your car will indicate by what date an emissions test must be completed.
VEHICLES THAT REQUIRE AN EMISSIONS TEST
A car, truck, motor home or RV (recreational vehicle) requires an emissions test when:
- It is a 1995 or older model.
- It runs on gasoline.
In addition, a vehicle requires an OBDII (On-Board Diagnostics II) test when:
- It has a model year of 1996 or newer.
- It is more than 2 model years old.
- It displays a weight that is less than 8501 lbs. on the vehicle registration.
Emission tests are valid for 12 months. A valid test is required to complete an original vehicle registration or registration renewal. Used car dealers are required to issue a valid emissions test for any vehicle they sell. Getting an emissions test is the buyer's responsibility when the vehicle is purchased from a private owner.
A vehicle is exempt from emissions testing when:
- It is more than 25 model years old.
- It is less than 2 model years old.
- It is an electric powered vehicle.
- It is a motorcycle or is registered as a farm equipment.
- It is a diesel vehicle of 8500lbs. or less.
- It is a diesel vehicle of 8501 lbs. or more registered in the NYCMA area.
- It has a historical plate.
- It is registered in the Upstate Area and is a homemade or custom vehicle.
EMISSIONS TESTING LOCATIONS
Any DMV registered Inspection Station can test your vehicle. Look for the official sign issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles to authorized testing stations.
EMISSIONS TESTING FEES
There is a maximum emissions testing fee set by the Department of Motor Vehicles. It depends on where you reside. A resident of the NYCMA (New York City Metropolitan Area) will have to pay a fee of $27 for an OBDII test whereas a resident of one of the other 53 counties will have to pay $11.
EMISSIONS TEST FAILURES
If your vehicle fails the emissions test, you must have the vehicle repaired, after which it must pass the after repairs emissions test. The vehicle can be repaired at the station or elsewhere.
If your vehicle is unable to meet the emissions standard following the necessary repair work, you may be able to obtain a waiver issued by DMV prior to registration. You can apply for a waiver if you can provide authorized receipts showing that you have spent at least $450 on OBDII related repairs at a NYS licensed repair shop. You can also apply if your vehicle failed an OBDII inspection but passed the safety inspection, the gas cap check and the visual inspection of the emission control devices.
- If you become a resident of NYS and register your car in NYS your out-of-state inspection remains valid till it expires.
- If you are out-of-state when your NYS Inspection expires contact the authorities and find out about the validity of a NYS Inspection extension and then apply for the same at:
Inspection Extension Bureau of Consumer and Facility Services Division of Vehicle Safety Services
P.O. Box 2700-ESP Albany, NY 12220-0700 .
- For more information about emissions requirements read the DMV brochure on New York State Vehicle Safety/Emissions Inspection Program for Cars and Light Trucks.
- See also Vehicle History Reports.